Introduction to Financial Aid
College may have expenses, but there are many sources of financial assistance available to help you pay for it. Here you can learn about the different types of financial aid.
IMPORTANT: Never pay for a financial aid or scholarship application, especially on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). If a fee is applied, it is a scam and an illegitimate service. If you believe you’ve responded to a scam, report the incident to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) or to the office of your State Attorney General.
Also, to ensure you have the best opportunities of receiving financial aid, it’s important to start early. Begin the application process as soon as you can. To see what the process looks like, check out the infographic The Financial Aid Process.
Scholarships are money awarded to you based on your academic or other achievements. You use this money to help pay for education expenses. You don’t have to repay scholarships.
There are many different types of state scholarships for Florida students, some based on financial need and others on academic merit or other criteria. Awards based on financial need will be determined by your FAFSA. You should also be aware that several of the need-based state awards are distributed on a first-come, first-serve basis, so complete the FAFSA process early!
The most well-known state scholarship is the Florida Bright Futures program, the Scholarship Program for Florida residents is a merit-based scholarship that rewards eligible high school students for their academic accomplishments by providing funding to pursue post-secondary education at institutions in the State of Florida. These awards are determined based on academic achievement in high school (GPA), SAT and ACT scores, and completion of community service hours. Please review the current requirements. Students are eligible to apply for the Bright Futures Scholarship starting October 1st of their senior year.
Private scholarships are offered by organizations such as non-profit foundations, social clubs, and for-profit companies. Some are based on academic merit, others on financial need, and others on specific characteristics such as gender, race, college major, or even specific traits such as first-generation college student, ethnicity, particular skill or talent, or membership to a club or organization by a family member.
- Learn more about Bright Futures.
- Check out the Florida Bright Futures Scholarship Eligibility Chart.
- Find all available scholarships from the state of Florida.
- Learn more about the Florida Student Scholarship and Grant Programs.
The federal government and state governments provide grants you can use to pay for college. Most grants do not need to be repaid, unless, for example, you withdraw from a school and owe a refund. Well-known grants include Federal Pell Grants, TEACH Grants, and Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants (FSEOG).
Most grants are awarded to students who have financial need. While some scholarships are awarded for various criteria or merit, grants are almost always needs-based.
To receive grants and most other students financial aid, you must first submit a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form. After you get accepted to a college, you will find out how much financial aid that college will offer you.
REMEMBER: Many grants are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis. To receive grants, you must submit your FAFSA form before the deadline. The earlier you submit it, you will have a better chance to receive financial assistance. Don’t wait. Start this process as soon as you can.
Work-study programs are administered by colleges and universities, so it’s important that you contact the financial aid office of your institution to find out if work-study is available. Your academic progress will help determine if you remain eligible for work-study, so you will need to maintain your grades.
To pay for college, you can also take out a loan. Loans are money you can borrow and repay over time, with interest added in most cases. You can take out loans through the federal government or through a private bank or other financial institution. Do note that federal student loans tend to have more benefits.
There are four main federal student loans: Direct Subsidized Loans, Direct Unsubsidized Loans, Direct PLUS Loans, and Direct Consolidation Loans.
While taking out a loan can be intimidating, it can also be an important investment in your future. Be sure that you get the right loan for your needs and circumstances, and consider how a loan will affect you and your family’s finances.
After you have been accepted by a college, a Financial Aid Award Letter will outline college-based scholarships, grants, and loans. Some awards are renewable for up to four years, but not all are, so pay attention when you read each amount to understand the correct total. If you apply to several different colleges, you will need to be able to compare all of their offers side-by-side to help you make the best choice.
To determine how much the colleges you’re accepted to will cost, you will need to compare their tuitions and fees and your financial aid.
To help you find your best option, use our Comparing Cost Worksheet.